Russia Today ad in London's subway. Photo: Liudmila Cernat © 2017
RT ad in London's subway. Photo: Liudmila Cernat © 2017

The theme of propaganda has dominated much media coverage of the Skripal spy poisoning scandal and recent interference in the elections of various Western countries. In this context, a narrative has emerged which sets the Kremlin at the centre of a web of cyber-warriors and media machinery, all centrally coordinated to attach a single audience. The reality is much more complicated, and Russian media discourses are more complex than often presented. But these misrepresentations of Russian media strategies undermine efforts to tackle them, and feel spirals or mutual hostility.

Stephen Hutchings Photo: Unknown
Stephen Hutchings


Stephen Hutchings, Professor of Russian Studies at the University of Manchester and Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences, is the author of six monographs and has edited five volumes on various aspects of Russian literary, film and media studies. He is the principal investigator of the ‘Reframing Russia’ project, a UK Arts and Humanities Research Council funded collaboration between the University of Manchester and the Open University.